What is web hosting and how many types

What is web hosting and how many types

The world of Internet has moved a lot and its importance is increasing in the coming days as internet makes many things easy and convenient. Whenever there is a matter of creating a website in the Internet, we need two things first, domain name and second web hosting.

We can say that domain name internet is the place of introduction and the same web hosting works.

Without these two, creating a website and a blog is not only difficult but also impossible. Due to their absence, we cannot even think about making websites and blogs.
In both these websites, Aadhaar and Pillar works on which the entire website and blog rests.

What is web hosting?

Web hosting service is a type of internet hosting service that works to allow individuals and organizations to make their website simple and accessible through the World Wide Web (www).

Question - What is Web Hosting?
Answer - Web hosting in ordinary language is the place where all the data available on the internet is kept and this data can be accessed anywhere in the world.

Let us understand it from an example.

The way we all live on earth. To live here we need the land of ourselves or someone else. If we live in someone else's land or building, then we have to pay their rent.

In the same way, space is needed for a website and blog in internet too. Which is called web hosting in the language of internet.

Within this web hosting, all our posts, photos, files, videos etc. are saved around the world and it always means 24 hours active i.e. online.

All these facilities that we provide are called Web Hosting Company.

Web Hosting is a company that provides space on the server provided on lease for the use of the client, as well as internet connectivity, which is found in places like data center.

Web hosts can also provide data center space and connectivity over the Internet for other servers located in their data centers, also called collections, also known as (Housing) housing in Latin America or France. goes.

How web hosting works

When we create a website or blog, then the thinking is that our activity (knowledge, information etc.) should reach the people as soon as possible in a short time and for this, we have to upload our images, files, documents etc. to the web hosting Need to do

By doing this, if any user types the domain name like https://help4u.xyz on their web browser like (opera, internet explorer, chrome, mozilla firefox, safari etc.), then the internet will use this domain name with that web server Adds where file, documents etc. are already uploaded on this domain name, after which all the information inserted on this website is open in the system of that user and he views the page as per his need and earns the knowledge. .

Web hosting (classification)

According to the need, web hosting is divided into two parts.

Smaller hosting service
Larger hosting service

1. Smaller hosting services

The smallest is a web page and is small-scale file hosting, where any files, documents, images, videos, etc. are uploaded via File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or a web interface. Files are usually delivered "as is" ("as is") or on the web with minimal processing.

Many internet service providers (ICPs) provide this service to customers with some limited features for free. Individuals and organizations can also get web page hosting from alternative service providers.

Free web hosting service is also provided by various companies with different services, sometimes supported by advertisements, and often limited compared to paid hosting.

Single page hosting is usually sufficient for individual web pages. Personal web site hosting is usually free, ad-sponsored or inexpensive. Business website hosting is often costly depending on the size and type of site.

2.Larger hosting services

Many big companies that are not internet service providers need to be permanently connected to the web to send emails, files etc. to other sites. The company uses the computer as a website host to provide details of its products, services and facilities for online orders.

Nowadays, large-scale Complex sites call for large tenders, packages that provide database support and application development platforms (such as ASP.NET, Cold Fusion, Java EE, Perl / Plack, PHP or Ruby on Rails).

These features allow customers to write or install scripts for applications such as forums and content content management. In addition, secure socets level (SSL) is commonly used for websites that wish to keep data more secure.

Types of web hosting

Web hosting is of the following type

Shared web hosting service
Reseller web hosting
Virtual dedicated server
Dedicated hosting service
Managed hosting service
Colocation web hosting service
Cloud hosting
Clustered hosting
Grid hosting
Home server

1. Shared Web hosting service

As the name itself suggests, to share or to share. In this kind of hosting, many other wesites are kept on the same server.

Typically, all domain servers can share a common pool of resources, such as RAM and CPU. The features available with this type of service may not be quite basic and flexible in terms of software and updates.

Reseller often sells only shared web hosting, which is why web companies often have reseller accounts to provide customer hosting.

2. Reseller web hosting

Web hosting companies allow customers to become web hosts themselves Reseller accounts can be quite different in size: they can have their own virtual dedicated server that is in a colocoded server. Many resellers provide almost the same service for their providers' shared hosting plan and provide technical support themselves.

If you feel that someone is giving you good money by hosting, then you can easily sell it to others and you can sell it by sharing your hosting.

3. Virtual dedicated server

Also known as virtual dedicated service virtual private server (VPS), sever shares resources to virtual server, it is exactly the same as a hotel room meaning all the items in that room as long as you are in that room, You have a right to the resources.

VPS is often used for multiple VPS relationships based on a single server, virtualization of things for a number of reasons, including the ability to transfer VPS containers between servers. So that users can have root access to their own virtual space.

This is a server provided for a good and single person, only one person can host their websites and blogs.

It is generally expensive, website loading speed is good by using it.

It is similar to living in different rooms in a herbal, that means you use your main gate with everyone but the rooms are different.

This is expensive with shared hosting. Initially using it is a waste of money. If you feel that your website or blog is getting more traffic which shared hosting cannot handle, then you can change your hosting plan. .

4. Dedicated hosting service

Users get their own web server over it and have complete control over it. However, users are not usually the owner of the server. Users have full administrative rights to the server, which means that customers are responsible for the safety and maintanance of their own server.

In Dedicated Hosting, you can run a website or blog on a server, on which any traffic comes, loading speed is always good and it also has many advantages.

But it should not be used to start a website or blog because it is very expensive and initially you do not need it.

Dedicated Hosting is similar to being alone in a bungalow where you manage everything and being alone is all the expenses you have to pay alone.

5. Managed hosting service

In this, the users get their own web server, but full control of the user is not allowed. However, they are allowed to manage their data through FTP or other remote management tools.

Full control of users is denied so that the provider can guarantee the quality of service by not allowing users to modify the server or potentially causing problems such as configurations. The user is not usually the owner of the server. The server is leased to customers (leage).

6. Colocation web hosting service

Colocation web hosting service is similar to a dedicated web hosting service, but users are the owner of the colo server; Hosting companies provide the space that takes the server and takes care of the server.

This is the most powerful and costly type of web hosting services. In most cases, the colocation provider cannot provide any support directly to its client's machine, only providing electricity (internet) power, internet access and storage for the server.

7. Cloud hosting

It is a new type of hosting platform that provides all types of packages load-balanced servers to customers and allows powerful, scalable and reliable hosting based on uses billing. A cloud hosted website may be more reliable than the alternative because another computer of cloud can compensate when a piece of hardware goes down.

Local power disruptions or natural disasters are also less problematic for cloud hosted sites, as cloud hosting is decentralized. Cloud hosting also allows providers to charge users only for resources consumed by users, the lack of centralization may give users less control over the location of their data which is a problem for users with data security or privacy concerns Might be possible.

8. Clusterd hosting

Many servers hosting the same content are called clusterd host for better resource use. Clustered servers are an ideal solution for high-availability dedicated hosting.
Or creates a scalable web hosting. A culuster database hosting capability may have a different web serving. Because it also gives many benefits for the large-scale management of customers.

9. Grid hosting

This form of distributed hosting occurs when a Server cluster acts like a grid and is composed of multiple nodes.

10. Home server

A machine typically housed in a private residence (home) can usually be used to host one or more websites from a consumer-grade broadband.

Machines built with this purpose or may be older PCs. Some ISPs actively try to block the home server by rejecting incoming requests for TCP port 80 of users' connections and refusing to provide static IP addresses.

A general way to obtain a trusted DNS host name is to create an account with a dynamic DNS service. A dynamic DNS service will automatically change IP addresses that point to a URL when IP addresses change.

Web hosting information to consider before buying

There are so many companies in the world that provide the best hosting. But even if someone wants to successfully host, then some things should be taken care of.

Such as Bandwidth, Disk Space, Uptime, customer services etc.

Bandwidth - The ability to access data per second in a website is called bandwidth. When the visitors access the website, the server opens some information in their computer by using some data.
If there is more traffic on the website or you can say that visitors are accessing more, then in such situations the website of the website goes down.

Disk space - The storage capacity of your hosting is called disk space, just as the computer has 500GB, 1TB etc. of space, in the same way storage also remains in the hosting.

Uptime - As long as the website is online or available, it is called uptime, when the website is not open due to any problems, then the time is called down time.

Customer service- Customer service means that any web company from which we take web hosting is always available 24 × 7.

Take good response of the customer, if any problem of any kind is solved, in the least time.

Price - Your hosting should be according to your budget because if you cannot afford hosting next time and make a website, then you may be wasting all your hard work due to not being able to pay the hosting paisa.

Therefore, hosting should always be done according to your needs and keeping in mind the budget.

Before buying Support - Web Hosting you first have to see the support of Hosting Provider because if you face any problem after purchasing the hosting, how and how does the hosting provider help you.

So before purchasing hosting, check the support of the hosting provider.

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